How to Prepare Your Garden for Spring and Summer

Start with a Plan 

Now that the warmer weather has finally arrived, it is time to get your yard ready for summer. Walk around your home and check the condition of the lawn, gardens, and trees. Have a family discussion about what you would like to plant. Ask the kids if they would like to have an area for their flowers or vegetables. This may be the year you start or expand your vegetable garden. Then make a plan that shows the best time to plant the various plants or vegetables.

Clean Up

  • Rake the lawn and clean up the flower beds 
  • Remove all the material that has accumulated over the winter
  • Check for any weeds and remove them
  • Bag all the waste, and put it in the paper garden waste bags. Put them out for with your green bin for City pick-up

Flower Beds

  • Clean up the beds and remove dead plants and weeds
  • Top up the beds with new topsoil and organic material, add peat moss to raised beds as they dry out faster
  • Dig up the soil to aerate the area with a shovel or garden fork


  • Rake the lawn to remove leaves and any dead grass. Use a flexible rake and full up while raking
  • Late spring is the best time to overseed. Ensure that there is good soil in the area and then place the grass seed and cover with soil 
  • Aerate your lawn to break up the compacted soil
  • Check the lawn for any weeds and remove them. Be incredibly careful using any herbicides if children or pets will be using the grass
  • Add fertilize after the grass starts to grow, typically about 2-3 weeks
  • Cut your lawn when the grass is dry and long enough to cut. Do not cut the grass too short. It will grow faster and require less water


  • Inspect your trees for signs of winter damage or disease
  • If you have a lot of trees, it is a good idea to have them checked out by a professional arborist 
  • Pruning is a good idea for trees that bloom 
  • Early spring is the time to prune as the structure of the tree can be seen 
  • For fruit trees, it is recommended to prune them in late winter or early spring
  • Trees should also get a slow-release fertilizer
  • Add 2 to 4 inches of mulch around your trees to improve soil moisture and control weeds

Have Fun 

Now that the Garden Centres are open, you can go and select the plants you want. With a healthy lawn, plants, and trees, you and your family are ready to enjoy the summer outside.